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Call Us (02) 6362 6666
The most common allergic eye conditions are caused by airborne allergens such as grass, tree and weed pollens. This type of allergy often occurs in Spring and is called Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis.
Other common causes of eye allergies are pet hair, moulds, pollution and dust mites. They can trigger allergic reactions all throughout the year.
Some contact lens wearers have an allergic response to their own contact lenses or to the proteins in the tear film that bind to the contact lens itself.
Some people have allergic reactions to medications such as penicillin or to preservatives that are in eye drops and contact lens disinfecting solutions.
Common Signs of Allergies
Treatment For Allergic Eyes
Treatment of allergic eyes depends on the type and underlying cause of the allergic response but may include:
Astigmatism is a visual condition, not an eye disease where the curvature of the cornea, the clear front surface of the eye, or the lens, behind the pupil is not round but ‘egg-shaped’. This irregular shape prevents the eye from focussing sharply on the retina.
Astigmatism can make vision blurry at all distances and can occur in conjunction with short-sightedness and long-sightedness. Astigmatism is often hereditary and can be present at birth.
A comprehensive eye examination will detect astigmatism. It can be corrected with glasses and contact lenses.
BINOCULAR VISION PROBLEMS
Binocular vision is the ability of the eyes to work together to create a clear picture.
If the eyes are unable to coordinate, it can be difficult to judge distances. Common binocular vision problems are:
It is essential to detect amblyopia and strabismus at an early stage to ensure effective treatment.
Other binocular vision disorders can involve focussing problems from fatigue of the eye muscles during sustained near tasks such as reading and computer use.
Regular testing of you and your children’s eyes is important to detect binocular vision problems.
At Eye See Eyes, a comprehensive eye test will detect binocular vision problems.
Cataracts are a common cause of impairment of vision in people aged over 50. Cataracts are mainly caused by the normal ageing process, but can also be caused by excessive exposure to UV light, past trauma to the eyes and due to some diseases such as glaucoma and diabetes.
Cataracts are a cloudiness of the crystalline lenses, which are behind the pupil. Cataracts often develop at different rates in each eye. You may experience difficulty reading, recognising faces, watching television and difficulty seeing whilst driving at night.
When vision worsens to the point affects your everyday activities, the cataract can be removed by cataract surgery and replaced with a clear, artificial lens called an intraocular lens.
At Eye See Eyes, Leesa can provide professional advice about cataracts and provide a referral to an eye specialist for treatment.
COMPUTER VISION SYNDROME
We are now spending significant amount of time using digital devices such as computers, tablets and mobile phones. This means we are focussing up close for long periods of time and this can cause visual stress. Because computer use is so visually demanding it can highlight any existing visual deficits. Digital devices in themselves do not cause damage to your eye health or vision but can cause eye fatigue and discomfort for some people.
Some common symptoms are headaches, eyestrain, irritable eyes, dry eyes, red eyes and difficulty focussing in the distance after computer use. Good posture, lighting, lubricant eye drops and frequent breaks can help computer vision syndrome and glasses and vision therapy may be helpful in some cases.
If you are experiencing discomfort after prolonged periods of digital device us, make an appointment for an eye examination at Eye See Eyes.
Conjunctivitis is an inflammation and/or infection of the conjunctiva, which is the transparent surface covering the white of the eye, called the sclera.
The cause of conjunctivitis can be bacterial, viral or allergic.
Symptoms of Conjunctivitis:
Treatment of conjunctivitis depends on the cause. Conjunctivitis can be very contagious, avoid touching the eyes to avoid spreading the infection to your other eye and to other people. If you experience any of the abovementioned symptoms, make an appointment so diagnosis and treatment commences as soon as possible.
Other serious eye conditions may share similar symptoms to conjunctivitis. If your vision is blurry, or if you experience pain in your eye(s), seek help immediately.
Diabetic eye disease is a group of eye conditions as a complication of diabetes such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.
Diabetic retinopathy is caused by damage to the fine blood vessels at the back of the eye (retina), which makes them more ‘leaky’. It is a potentially sight-threatening condition if not detected at an early stage. It is vital for diabetics to have regular eye examinations to detect early signs of diabetic eye disease.
All diabetics are at risk of developing diabetic eye disease. Those at higher risk include:
Importance of early detection:
Early detection of diabetic eye disease can help slow its progression and prevent vision loss.
With regular eye examinations at Eye See Eyes, using digital retinal imaging and a dilated retinal examination, diabetic eye disease can be identified and managed appropriately before vision loss occurs.
Tears are an important protective coating for our eyes, keeping our eyes moist and washing away dust and other foreign particles.
Dry eyes are a common cause of eye irritation and discomfort. Dry eyes are caused by either the eyes not producing enough tears or a deficiency in either the watery, oily or mucus layers of the tear film. Some medications and systemic conditions such as arthritis can also cause dry eyes. Our increasing use of digital devices such as computers, tablets and mobile phones can contribute to dry eyes from decreased blinking rate and incomplete blinking.
Common causes of dry eyes :
Symptoms of Dry Eyes:
Dry Eye Treatments:
There are many treatment options available for dry eyes depending on the cause. It is a complex condition that can be difficult to treat and may require combination therapies including eye drops, medications, lid hygiene and treatments like Blephasteam that soften the oils in the eyelid to improve the condition of the tear film.
FLASHES AND FLOATERS
What Are Floaters?
Floaters are a common occurrence. They are often described as spots, specks, squiggly lines or cobwebs in front of the eyes. They are located in the jelly-like substance in the eye called the vitreous.
As we age the vitreous becomes more liquid and shrinks and can start peeling away for the retina.
Floaters are clumps, specks or stringy strands of undissolved gel material that cast a small shadow on the retina and appear as floaters. Most floaters are part of the ageing process and do not require treatment.
However, a sudden increase in the number of floaters, possibly accompanied by flashes of light and a loss of peripheral vision could indicate a retinal detachment. A retinal detachment is a serious condition and requires urgent medical attention.
The sudden appearance of flashes and/or floaters requires a prompt appointment for a complete retinal examination.
Glaucoma is one of the leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. It is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve at the back of the eye causing a progressive loss of peripheral vision. Because there are generally no symptoms until the disease is quite advanced, it can go undetected and vision loss becomes irreversible.
There are many causes of glaucoma, but it is often associated with a build- up of fluid pressure within the eye. It is critical that glaucoma is detected early to prevent vision loss. Glaucoma can occur at any age so regular eye examinations are vital especially if you have a family history of glaucoma or are over 40 years of age.
At Eye See Eyes checking for glaucoma is part of a normal comprehensive examination.
LONG-SIGHTEDNESS OR HYPEROPIA
Long-sightedness or hyperopia often makes close objects blurry or difficult to focus on and distance objects appear clear. Hyperopia can cause blurriness of near objects, such as reading and computer-use, as well eyestrain, headaches and tired eyes. It occurs because the eyeball is shorter than normal, or the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) is too flat.
Glasses or contact lenses can correct hyperopia. If you are experiencing problems with close work, make an appointment at Eye See Eyes for a comprehensive eye examination.
Macular degeneration (MD) is a group of degenerative diseases that causes a progressive loss of central vision affecting the ability to see fine detail which is required most visual tasks such as reading and driving. Macular degeneration occurs when there is a build-up of waste products, or drusen at the macula, the area of the retina responsible for sharp, detailed vision. Possible risk factors for developing MD are ageing, UV exposure, lifestyle factors including smoking and poor diet.
Although there is no cure for macular degeneration, early detection can assist in treatment and management of the condition. Regular eye examinations are recommended for earliest possible detection. At Eye See Eyes, during your examination we will take a digital image of your retina (Retinal Imaging) which screens for macular degeneration and many other retinal diseases.
Presbyopia causes our near vision to gradually deteriorate and reading starts to become difficult. It usually begins in our mid 40’s and is a natural part of aging.
Presbyopia happens because our own natural lenses which are located by our pupils, lose their flexibility for focussing up close. Presbyopia can be corrected with reading glasses, bifocal lenses or multifocal lenses and multifocal contact lenses.
If you are struggling with reading, or find that your arms are not long enough, make an appointment for an eye test at Eye See Eyes and we can advise on the best optical solution for you.
A pterygium is a triangular-shaped thickening or growth of the conjunctiva (the clear layer over the white of the eye) towards or onto the cornea. It is often becomes red and inflamed. It is very common in people who spend a lot of time outdoors and is caused by UV light exposure.
A pterygium can interfere with vision if it grows over the cornea towards the pupil margin. It can become irritated and sore under certain conditions such as air-conditioned environments or a hot, windy days. Wearing sunglasses is the best protection for a developing pterygium to block the damaging UV rays.
If you have a pterygium it should be monitored to check that it is not affecting your vision. If you think you have a pterygium, make an appointment with Eye See Eyes to assess it.
SHORTSIGHTEDNESS OR MYOPIA
Shortsightedness or myopia, usually affects your ability to see in the distance. Distance vision is blurry and near objects are often clear. It is caused when the eyeball is longer than normal or if the cornea (clear front surface of the eye) is too curved.
Myopia can occur at any age, but often begins in school-age children or in the teenage years. It can be inherited but it is now believed that other factors, such as visual stress from excessive near tasks such as reading and prolonged computer use are a contributing factor to myopia development.
Correction of myopia includes glasses, contact lenses and laser refractive surgery.